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How to get rid of Wireweed
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How to get rid of Wireweed

Wireweed (Polygonum aviculare) is a hairless, sprawling annual plant regarded as an environmental weed in New South Wales, Victoria and South Australia.

It is a serious weed of crops, pastures, disturbed sites and waste areas, and invades native vegetation in temperate zones.

Common names include Bird Grass, Hog Weed, Knot Grass, Mat Grass, Pink Weed and Stone Grass.

What to look for

Very young plants can look like fine grass, but they grow quickly, developing a strong, fibrous tap root and overgrowing surrounding vegetation.

Wireweed has small blue-green oval leaves along dark green-purplish stems that can grow up to 1.2m long.

It can hibernate during winter and flowers mainly in autumn and spring, producing clusters of tiny pink-tinged white flowers.

How to control Wireweed

Mowing will do little to control Wireweed because the entire plant, including the flowers and seeds, grows below the optimum mowing heights for most lawn types.

In fact, the tough wiry stems can become tangled in mowers and other garden tools.

Depending on the size of the infestation and the age of the plants, there are two main methods of control: manual and chemical.

Manual control of Wireweed

Small plants can usually be pulled up by hand after watering when the soil is still moist, taking care to remove as much of the tap root as possible.

If that’s not practical, there are several herbicides that will do the job.

Chemical control of Wireweed

The best time of year for spraying Wireweed is when both weeds and turf are actively growing.

Glyphosate can be effective on Wireweed, but as a non-selective herbicide it will poison everything it touches, including the lawn. It’s best reserved for careful application to weeds on driveways, paths, bare soil or around patios and in garden beds.

Selective herbicides are less dangerous to your lawn. 

Before using any herbicide, check product labels to make sure they’re suitable for the type of grass you have and follow the instructions and safety directions.

Always wait a few days after spraying before watering or mowing.

Recommended products

Indigo Duke 100WG 100gm

Indigo Duke 100WG 100gm is a Group B liquid herbicide suitable for post-emergent control of Wireweed in Kikuyu, Buffalo and common and hybrid Couch. It is not suitable for Queensland Blue Couch or Zoysia grasses.

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Indigo Contra M 1L

Indigo ProForce Contra M 1L is a Group I liquid herbicide suitable for control of Wireweed in Zoysia, Kikuyu and Couch grasses. It is not suitable for Buffalo lawns.

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Bow and Arrow 500mL

Turf Culture Bow and Arrow 500ml is a Group F and Group I liquid herbicide suitable for control of Wireweed in Zoysia, Kikuyu, Couch and Buffalo grasses. It may cause temporary discolouration of Kikuyu, Carpet and Queensland Blue Couch lawns.

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Oxafert 20kg

If Wireweed has been a problem in previous years, using a weed and feed product, such as Oxafert, in autumn can help nip it in the bud and stop a new generation of weed seeds from germinating.

As well as nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, Oxafert contains the active ingredient Oxadiazon for pre-emergent control of Wireweed in warm season turf grass lawns, such as Zoysia, Kikuyu, Couch and Buffalo.

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How to prevent Wireweed in your lawn

A healthy, dense lawn is the best defence against all weeds, regardless of the type of grass you have.

A solid maintenance program will go a long way to helping your lawn resist intrusion by Wireweed, which thrives in poor soil and neglected lawns.

Make sure your lawn care program includes regular:

  • Deep watering in the morning.
  • Mowing at the right height.
  • Fertiliser application.
  • Aeration of the soil.

The Ultimate Turf Maintenance and Lawn Care Guide have lots of useful tips and you can browse the myhomeTURF online store for a range of leading lawn care products.

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